Fatty Liver: Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Also acknowledged as hepatic steatosis, fatty liver is a health condition in which you have excess fats in your liver. It can cause you to have inflammation that can lead you to have damages to your liver functions or scars in your liver. In a severe case, you might have death threats due to bad liver. With a liver function test in Greater Noida or your local city, you can detect the status of your liver health and treat the issues as they start developing or get detected. Here you should know more about it, as having a sound idea about fatty liver will help you stay safe from liver abnormalities in future. Keep going through this post. 

Signs or symptoms of fatty liver 

You can easily know whether you have fatty liver or not, as its signs are clearly visible with its development in your body. Some of the noticeable symptoms of fatty liver are as follows:

  • Discomfort in the upper right side of the abdomen.
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Jaundice
  • Swelling in legs and the abdomen 
  • Weight loss
  • Enlarged blood vessels 
  • Trouble in concentration or confusion
  • Extreme tiredness or fatigue 
  • Red palms 
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Pale stools
  • Itchy skin 
  • Breast enlargement in men

What can cause you to have fatty liver  

Several factors can cause you to have fatty liver. Here are some of the most significant causes of fatty liver:

  • Intake of excess calories
  • Certain conditions like obesity/overweight, high triglycerides and diabetes 
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Malnutrition 
  • Chronic viral hepatitis, particularly Hepatitis C
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Certain genes 
  • High blood pressure
  • Insulin resistance
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Underactive pituitary gland
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Underactive thyroid
  • High triglyceride levels
  • Family history of fatty liver disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Age, especially being over 50 years
  • Smoking

Diagnosis – How you can detect it

You should book an appointment with a doctor who holds expertise in stomach diseases as you notice significant signs of fatty liver such as unbearable abdominal pain or swellings. After face-to-face interaction and physical examinations, your doctor can recommend a few tests to know your liver health and detect the abnormalities it may have. The recommended tests or screenings may include:

  • Liver function tests
  • Blood tests 
  • Liver ultrasound 
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans 
  • MRI scans 

Treatment 

In the current world, there are no specific medicines or drugs to treat fatty liver. Instead, your doctor will focus on how to lower the symptoms and treat the health complications you have or might have due to fatty liver. Your doctor may ask you to make a few changes in your lifestyle and prescribe medicines to control your diabetes, hypertension, and allied health problems. Proper intake of the advised medicines will make you feel relaxed and lower the fats in your liver.    

How can you prevent or manage fatty liver 

In today’s world, most of your health problems are associated with your lifestyle and some external factors. With a few changes in your lifestyle and following your doctor’s advice, you can easily prevent the development of fatty liver or manage it if you have. Here are some useful steps for your assistance:

  • Stop smoking cigarettes, bidis, cigars, and pipes
  • Have a balanced diet with a focus on seasonal fruits and vegetables 
  • Limit your intake of alcoholic beverages or leave them 
  • Avoid having saturated or trans fats 
  • Maintain a safe distance from refined food items 
  • Have a healthy body weight 
  • Try not miss taking the prescribed medications 
  • Be highly active in your daily life 
  • Do exercises and yoga poses of light to moderate intensity

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