What is the Difference Between instructor based and Learner Centered Approach

The big distinction between instructor-based and a student-based strategy is that in the former, students’ attention is entirely focused on the instructor, whereas in the latter, both students and instructors are equally focused. The teacher speaks a lot in a teacher-centered class, and the pupils listen. When it pertains to initiatives, teacher-student cooperation is forbidden, unlike in a classroom where instructors and students can engage and participate equitably. However, various online platforms create online courses which follow learner centered approach. 

What does it mean to take a teacher-centered approach to learning?

Inside the classroom, the teacher-centered system enables pupils to concentrate solely on the instructor. As a result, in a teacher-centered classroom, the teacher does nearly all of the speaking while the pupils attend and keep silent. When it pertains to class activities, kids frequently work independently. Cooperation between instructors and students is uncommon.

In a teacher-centered classroom, the instructor has complete authority over the classroom and activities. As a result, the classroom is frequently organised, and pupils are quiet. One advantage of teacher-centered learning is that it allows pupils to learn independently. As a result, the pupils become more self-sufficient and learn to make their own choices. Furthermore, because the instructor plans, directs, and supervises all classroom activities, the likelihood of pupils missing crucial material or topic is reduced. However, because students generally work alone, this educational approach can hamper students’ communication and collaboration skills.

Furthermore, continual teacher-centered instruction might produce a boring environment in the classroom, making students bored with their studies. This strategy may eventually lose its effectiveness in catching and sustaining student attention in lessons. Most importantly, a teacher-centered approach in the classroom hinders students from expressing themself and from raising questions and engaging in rational self-learning.

What Does a student based Approach Mean?

Except in a teacher-centered classroom, both educators and students are equally focused in a student based classroom. A student based approach, for example, exhibits a better level of student-teacher engagement. Instead of being passive listeners, students work cooperatively with one another in this setting. Furthermore, this strategy

One of the main plus points of learner centered education is that it allows learners to acquire collaborative skills and communicative skills mainly through group work. In addition, it gives learners the freedom to acquire knowledge independently and logically by asking questions. Inside such a classroom, learners are relatively more enthusiastic in the learning process due to the high interaction with one another and also with the teacher.

Student based classrooms, on the other hand, might be chaotic and boisterous, in contrast to the rigid and tidy structure of the teacher-centered classroom. Furthermore, managing all of the students’ activities at the same time might be difficult for the teacher due to their differing learning styles and speeds. Teachers employ two techniques to perform their classroom teaching – learning activities with their students: instructor centric approach and learner centred approach. Instructors, students, and the practice of transferring information are thus included in each of these models.

Difference Between instructor based and  Learner Centered Approach


A teacher-centered strategy enables learners to devote all of their attention to their instructor, whereas a student based approach places equal emphasis on both teachers and students.


In an instructor based approach, the focus is on the educator. But in a learner centered approach, both the educator and learner have an equal focus.


The teacher is the focus of a teacher-centered approach. In a student based approach, however, both the instructor and the student are equally focused.

Collaboration and Communication

The instructor speaks in a teacher-centered classroom, while the pupils hear and stay quiet. student based learning, on the other hand, promotes teamwork and coordination between students and teachers. For example if students need to understand how to sell courses  online, both student and teacher will collaboratively work on developing ideas for the same. 

Students’ Contribution

The teacher-centered method forbids students from articulating themselves and prevents them from raising questions and engaging in logic self-learning, while the student based approach allows students to gain knowledge freely and rationally by asking questions.


Student based classrooms can be chaotic and boisterous, whereas instructor -centered classrooms are normally disciplined and orderly.

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